Painful bladder syndrome is a disorder that causes painful urinary symptoms.
Painful Bladder Syndrome also called Interstitial Cystitis(IC), is a chronic condition that causes
pressure, pain, or discomfort in the bladder, lower abdomen, and pelvic area. The bladder is a hollow
muscular organ of your body that stores urine. The bladder contracts when it is not filled with urine. Once
it gets filled with urine, it expands and sends signals to your brain, creating an urge to urinate. When you
are suffering from painful bladder syndrome, you feel the urgent and frequent need to urinate. The symptoms
of painful bladder syndrome differ from person to person, range from mild to severe, and may come and go or
Dr. Ashit Shah, the chief urologist at Aashray Urology Institute, has listed down symptoms of painful bladder syndrome. They are as follow:
The symptoms mentioned above may vary from women to women. During a "flare", the symptoms either
get suddenly worse or go away for some time. You should consult with your doctor if you are experiencing any
kind of pain or discomfort in the bladder as the condition can get more serious if you get a urinary tract
infection along with interstitial cystitis.
The exact cause of painful bladder syndrome is unknown. The possible causes include a defect in the protective
lining of the bladder, an attack by the immune system of the body, infection, autoimmune reaction, and
To diagnose painful bladder syndrome, the doctor will discuss your medical history including symptoms, and ask
you to maintain a bladder diary (record of your fluid intake and the volume of urine you pass). You will also be
asked for urine examination, cystoscopy, biopsy, pelvic examination, and potassium sensitivity test.
Dr. Ashit Shah is a senior consultant Urologist heading Aashray Urology Institute. After completing his M.B.B.S. and M.S. in General Surgery, he was awarded Diplomate of National Board (D.N.B.) in Genito-Urinary Surgery by the National Board of Examinations, New Delhi. He earned his Diplomate in Laparoscopic Urology from Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, France in the year 2006. Dr. Shah has a special interest in Endo-Urology, especially Urolithiasis i.e. Urinary Stone Disease. Having spent more than 27 years in the profession of Urology, he has experience of over 75,000 urological consultations and more than 15,000 surgeries. Being counted amongst the torch bearers of ethical and transparent medical practice in the city of Vadodara, he was conferred ‘Inspiring Urologist Award’ for the year 2019 by The Economic Times.