Aashray urology institute

Urine Infection

Overview
A urinary tract infection, also known as urine infection or UTI, is an infection in any part of the urinary system that includes kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra.
female-urinary-system-royalty-free-image-665626734-15568306411
Image Source: National Institute of Diabetes
and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National
Institutes of Health.
Quick Links

What Is Urine Infection or Urinary Tract Infection?

Urine infection or urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common infection found in women. The urinary tract is made up of your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and start to develop into the bladder. It can happen anywhere in your urinary tract. Urine infection is an infection from microbes, a type of organism that is too small and cannot be seen without microscopes. Along with bacteria, in some cases, viruses or fungi can also cause urinary tract infections.

UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)
Image Source: "Designed by Freepik" www.freepik.com

What Are The Risk Factors For Urine Infection or Urinary Tract Infection?

Urine infection is common in women and the following are the factors that increase the risk of getting urinary tract infection or UTI for women - 


Female Body and Anatomy:

Factors like having a short urethra also play a major role in getting a UTI as it is easier for bacteria to reach the bladder due to the short distance. Also, after menopause women are more vulnerable to urine infection as they lose estrogen protection and have a change in the lining of the vagina. 

Sex:

Birth Control:

Women who use certain types of birth control like diaphragms tend to have UTI. Also, using condoms with spermicidal foam or using spermicidal agents is known to be linked to a greater risk of getting UTIs in women.

Anatomical Abnormalities or Blockages:

If there is a natural abnormality in the urinary tract like structural abnormalities where urine cannot leave the body normally or comes back up in the urethra then chances of getting a UTI increases. Also, people using devices like catheters or tubes have an increased risk of UTIs. In addition, if one is experiencing any type of blockages like kidney stones, spinal cord injury then that also may lead to urinary tract infection. 

Immune System:

Urinary Surgery:

What Are The Types Of Urine Infection And Their Causes, Symptoms?

The types of UTIs depend on which part of your urinary tract is infected. The following are the types of UTIs and their symptoms -

1. Acute Pyelonephritis:

It is an infection in the kidneys. 

Symptoms: 

  1. Upper back and side (flank) pain
  2. Fever and chills
  3. Nausea
  4. Vomiting

2. Cystitis:

This is an infection of the bladder.

Causes: 

  1. The common cause for cystitis is Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria commonly found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
  2. In some cases, other bacterias may be responsible.
  3. Sexual intercourse
  4. Female anatomy is a major cause of cystitis because the chances of getting a UTI become higher due to the short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the bladder.

Symptoms: 

  1. Pelvic pressure
  2. Lower belly pain
  3. Frequent, painful urination
  4. Blood in urine
  5. Cloudy urine
Urinary-tract-infection-cystitis-disease-e1509792594508

3. Urethritis:

This is an infection of the urethra. 

Causes: 

  1. Urethritis generally occurs when GI bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra.
  2. Sexually transmitted infections can also cause urethritis.

Symptoms: 

  1. Burning sensation when urinating
  2. Discharge
Urethritis1

How Is Urine Infection or Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosed? 

Tests and procedures used to diagnose urinary tract infections include:

Urine Test:

Imaging Tests:

In cases of frequent and serious urine infections and if any serious problem is suspected with the urinary tract, an ultrasound, a CT scan, or an MRI scan will be suggested to have a closer look. Along with these, a contrast dye may also be used to highlight structures in your urinary tract.

Cystoscope:

It is a long, flexible tube that is used to look inside your urethra and bladder. The doctor will suggest this in cases of recurrent UTIs.

What Are The Treatment Options For Urine Infection or Urinary Tract Infection?

When it comes to the treatment, urinary tract infections are usually divided into two types - simple UTIs and complicated UTIs.  

1. Simple UTIs

These infections are simple, irregular infections that happen in healthy people with normal urinary tracts. For simple UTIs, urine infections, antibiotics are the primary course of treatment. The types of medicines and the duration of the course or treatment vary from person to person and depend upon the individual's case, requirements, and type of bacteria found in the urine sample. In cases with postmenopausal women with UTIs, topical (vaginal)  hormone replacement with estrogen may also be suggested. 


2. Complicated UTIs -

These infections are recurring, frequent, and problematic as they happen in abnormal urinary tracts. These infections are called complicated also because the bacteria causing such infections cannot be treated by many antibiotics. For complicated urinary tract infections, treatments like a longer course of antibiotics may be suggested where the antibiotic therapy may be started intravenously (IV) in the hospital and then after some time is continued by mouth. For postmenopausal women with severe infection, vaginal estrogen therapy is generally suggested.

Book Appointment

If you have any questions or doubts about any treatment for Urine Infection (UTI) or any other treatment available at Aashray Urology Institute, book a consultation with Dr. Ashit Shah and he will expertly guide you on the same. 
Book Appointment
Dr. Ashit Shah

Dr. Ashit Shah

Meet the doctor

Dr. Ashit Shah

MB, MS, DNB(Urology), DLU(France)

Dr. Ashit Shah

Dr. Ashit Shah

Dr. Ashit Shah is a senior consultant Urologist heading Aashray Urology Institute. After completing his M.B.B.S. and M.S. in General Surgery, he was awarded Diplomate of National Board (D.N.B.) in Genito-Urinary Surgery by the National Board of Examinations, New Delhi. He earned his Diplomate in Laparoscopic Urology from Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, France in the year 2006. Dr. Shah has a special interest in Endo-Urology, especially Urolithiasis i.e. Urinary Stone Disease. Having spent more than 27 years in the profession of Urology, he has experience of over 75,000 urological consultations and more than 15,000 surgeries. Being counted amongst the torch bearers of ethical and transparent medical practice in the city of Vadodara, he was conferred ‘Inspiring Urologist Award’ for the year 2019 by The Economic Times.

Insurance Partners

To see the complete list of our insurance partners, click here.